Nothing to Go On

Materialist Explanations for the Origin of the Universe Come Up Empty

Arguments for a beginning of the universe go back thousands of years. In fact, most cultures throughout history have believed that the universe was created by an intelligent agent. For example, in ancient Greece, Plato and his followers argued that the universe was the product of a powerful supreme being. Others, however, claimed that the universe is eternal in age and constant in size, and that its origin requires no explanation. This model later came to be called the static universe.

In the sixth through tenth centuries, early Christian and Muslim philosophers attempted to settle the issue with the kalam argument. This argument for a first cause has three parts:

1. Anything that begins to exist has a...


is a senior editor of Salvo and is co-founder of the Intelligent Design & Evolution Awareness (IDEA) Center and Program Officer in Public Policy and Legal Affairs at the Discovery Institute.

had a career as an aerospace systems analyst before moving on to the entertainment industry and becoming a writer. A former skeptic of ID, he became a strong supporter after becoming aware of the enormous amount of academic and media misinformation on the subject.

is a longtime homeschool educator in California, who has taught classes in ecology, botany, and intelligent design with multiple homeschool education groups in the greater Los Angeles Area.

This article originally appeared in Salvo, Issue #48, Spring 2019 Copyright © 2020 Salvo |


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