More Reliable than Ever

The Manuscript Evidence for the Bible Accumulates

Some critics charge that the Bible has been altered or corrupted to the extent that the Bible we have today bears little resemblance to the original writings. Even readers inclined to take it at face value can stumble at editorial notations about certain passages not appearing in “the earliest and most reliable manuscripts.” What does that mean, and does it undermine the reliability of contemporary Bible translations?

To answer those questions, it helps to first trace the origin of the English Bible, especially the New Testament.

The First European-Language Bibles

The Latin Vulgate was the most commonly used Bible in the West from c. 400–1530. It had been translated from the...


is a board certified civil trial lawyer. An expert on analyzing evidence, he uses the same techniques he uses in court to analyze evidence for the Christian faith. He is the author of several publications and blogs about faith, law, and apologetics.

This article originally appeared in Salvo, Issue #68, Spring 2024 Copyright © 2024 Salvo |


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