About Heather Zeiger

Heather is a freelance science writer with an MS in chemistry and an MA in bioethics.

Mortifying Reality TV

Ever since COPS aired in 1989, the reality TV professional niche genre has found a willing following. Asics Gel Kayano Evo Homme Even among the television connoisseurs, reality TV shows that follow a particular profession seem a bit more high-brow than makeovers, contests, match-making, or group living situations. You are able to see what it is like for those who work in a particular profession, and often viewers gain a greater respect for the particular difficulties that those professions face. Notable professional reality TV shows are New York Med, which is a recent addition to professional reality TV that has received positive reviews. Nike Air Max 2016 Femme Ace of Cakes was a Food Network success that ran for ten seasons, documenting what it is like to work in the high-pressure world of the novelty cake business. asics gel noosa donna Deadliest Catch documented the exciting life of crab catchers and ran for ten seasons on the Discovery Channel. One profession that has garnered some interest in the reality TV world is the mortuary business. Lifetime announced that it would be airing a new reality TV show called “Good Grief” which follows twin brothers and one of their wives as they run the Johnson Family Mortuary in Ft. Parajumpers Femme Harraseeket Worth. Other shows about the mortuary business include A&E’s “Family Plots” about Poway Bernardo Mortuary in California and TLC’s “Best Funeral Ever” about the Golden Gate Funeral Home in Dallas. Asics Gel Lyte 5 Femme Rose “Good Grief” was scheduled to air on July 23 with the TV description:

Take a step deep into the heart of Texas with the Johnson Family Mortuary! You’ve never seen a family funeral business like this one – full of spice and soul. Chaussures louboutin Rachel runs the family business alongside her husband Dondre and his twin Derrick, together known as the “Undertaker Twins,” who bring the life to the business of death. adidas zx 500 femme Working with family is never easy with drama, fights and forgiveness, but with the Johnsons, death has never been so lively.

Such a description may seem a little creepily flippant about a somber subject, and may say something about our culture that even death and funeral arrangements can become fodder for prime time TV. However, lest we judge what our culture has come to too hastily, the reason why the show was cancelled is even more disturbing. Asics Gel Lyte 5 Femme Rouge “Good Grief” was set to air on July 23. Lifetime dropped the show after the owners were evicted from the building where the mortuary was run, and authorities found eight decaying bodies inside. Dondre and Rachel were charged with seven counts of abuse of a corpse. Derrick claims that he had severed ties with the mortuary, and was not involved in the negligence. asics gel stratus homme The details of what the police uncovered can be found here, but brace yourself because it is not for the faint of heart.

Creepy Critters in Our Gut

What is the microbiome? The microbiome is the bacteria that reside within and on our bodies. Often these bacteria do more than just hang out with us. Nike kyrie 2

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  • Some bacteria fight off disease, while some cause disease. asics gel pulse 8 m?skie Others will help us digest foods or reject bad food. Nike Air Max 2016 Heren grijs For this post, I am going to focus on the gut biome, the bacteria that live in our large and small intestines, because the gut has made for some interesting headlines lately. nike air max 1 homme Tajh Boyd – Clemson Tigers The “microbiome” refers to all of the bacteria on the body. The small intestines have a plethora of bacteria that act symbiotically with us to help us digest and process foods. Air Jordan 13 Retro Scientists have been studying the gut biome for many years, but it is only recently that it has garnered public attention. There have been several theories lately that have suggested the gut biome is responsible for everything from food allergies to autoimmune diseases to autism. nike air max 2016 goedkope Furthermore, new diet fads, fecal transplants, and probiotic supplements have emerged as a result of the gut biome hype, many of which are untested or whose claims are unsubstantiated. Mario Manningham Jersey As is the case with pop-science trends, the microbiome is becoming the poster child for pseudo-scientific claims and grandiose promises. What does the research show? Let’s start with some facts because the gut biome does affect our health and well-being. air max homme pas cher The National Institute of Health is currently working on the Human Microbiome Project. This project seeks to identify and characterize the bacteria (and fungi) that are associated with the human body. Canotta Miami Heat Similar to the Human Genome Project, the original plan was to characterize the microbiome of healthy individuals and then to compare it to unhealthy individuals in hopes of understanding the role the microbiome plays in disease.

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  • However, those goals may need to be adjusted. The Human Microbiome studies have revealed two things: 1) no two human microbiomes are alike, and 2) the microbiome is dynamic. Because each person has a unique microbiome, there is not a gold-standard, “healthy” microbiome by which to compare “diseased” microbiomes. Also, because the gut biome changes with diet and environment, it is difficult to determine a particular signature for a person. Womens Nike Air Max 2016

    It’s composition is just too dynamic. Asics Mexico m?skie Additionally, the microbiome’s composition (the types of bacteria that make up the biome) are different at different times depending on the individual’s diet and environment.

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  • This is especially true with the gut biome. There are hundreds of different species of bacteria that could potentially live in our digestive system, and those species may be in different abundances at different times. Furthermore, sometimes studying two different parts of the same sample will show different results. This is a classic sampling problem. Imagine that you wanted to find the amount of lead in soil in a field. Jameis Winston – Florida State Seminoles You could collect soil from the top of the ground, which might give you a different lead concentration than if you took soil that was one foot underground or you might get different results if you took samples that were 100 feet away from each other. The gut biome has a similar problem. new balance grigie bambino nike air max 95 donna Apparently, the biome composition is different depending on where in the digestive tract you retrieve the bacteria (e.g., from a fecal sample or from the small intestines). Canotte Los Angeles Lakers With these caveats, scientists have still observed some trends. Air Jordan 7 Uomo For one, an individual’s gut biome changes after taking antibiotics. This makes sense because antibiotics are meant to kill bacteria. Soldes Nike Pas Cher 2017 nike air max pas cher What is unclear is how long the changes persist and how this affects a person’s health.

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  • Scientists also know that the gut biome plays a role in aiding digestion of certain hard-to-digest foods, such as carbohydrates. Furthermore, they have found differences between the gut biomes of obese people and non-obese people and between people with digestive diseases, such as Crohn’s disease. However, whether the different gut biome is the cause or is the result is unclear. Healthy skepticism There are several other correlations between the microbiome and physiological effects.

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  • The difficulty is whether these are merely correlations or causation. William Hanage has an excellent article in Nature, “Microbiology: Microbiome Science Needs a Healthy Dose of Skepticism” in which he discusses five key questions to help discern the truth from the hype:

    1. Can experiments detect differences that matter?
    2. Does the study show causation or just correlation?
    3. What is the mechanism?
    4. How much do experiments really reflect reality?
    5. Could anything else explain the results?

    Many studies show that the gut biome is very responsive to diet and environment, which means the differences we see in people with a certain disease (or condition) may be the gut responding to the disease rather than causing it. Nike Air Max Pas Cher The gut biome is a new area of research that may shed some light on digestive disorders and the effects of antibiotics on the body.

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  • However, Hanage cautions us to not fall into the same kind of non-discretionary, cure-all thinking that we’ve seen in other new areas of science such as the Human Genome Project, stem cell research, genetic engineering, or nanotechnology. He also remind us not to blame the microbiome for all of our ills: “In pre-scientific times when something happened that people did not understand, they blamed it on spirits.

    Disabilities, Super-Abilities, and “Normal”

    Tim Howard (Wikipedia)

    A recent ABC News report asks whether Tourette’s syndrome can give athletes an advantage. AIR MAX 90 Women
    Two examples given in the report are soccer player, Tim Howard, and swimmer, Anthony Ervin. Goal-keeper, Tim Howard, made history in the recent United States versus Belgium World Cup game in which he blocked a record-breaking sixteen goals. Nike Air Max 95 m?skie This is the latest in several career successes for Howard, who believes his Tourette’s gives him an advantage on the field. Maglia James Harden Olympic gold-medalist, swimmer, Anthony Ervin believes that his tics, caused by Tourette’s syndrome, help him with speed by channeling his nervousness. Studies indicate that athletes with Tourette’s do not have a noticeably faster response time or move faster than athletes without Tourette’s, but there may be other factors that contribute to an advantage on the field, or in the pool. nike air jordan 11 mujer Oregon Ducks It may be that Howard and Ervin’s mental and physical discipline needed to manage their Tourette’s works to their advantage.

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  • Another recent study, reported in Scientific American, looked at how people with dyslexia can identify visual cues better than those without dyslexia. Apparently, people with dyslexia can look at pictures of impossible figures, like the three-dimensional impossible figures in an Escher print, and pick out the problem more quickly than other people. This ability can translate to the real world. nike lebron 13 pas cher Often people with dyslexia can look at room and find what looks out-of-place. adidas nmd m?skie

    Waterfall, 1961 (Wikipedia)

    Scientists are not entirely sure why this happens, but they speculate that it may have to do with the brain changes that occur in people who read a lot versus people who do not read as often or read slowly. Mujer Air Jordan 4 nike tn noir People who read less tend to have a more holistic perspective of a particular setting rather than focusing on one thing and tuning out the rest of their surroundings. This coincides with studies on entrepreneurs with dyslexia. Nike KD Trey 5 III Air Jordan 7 In the United States, about 35% of entrepreneurs have dyslexia. Many of these entrepreneurs say that dealing with their dyslexia has helped them to become very good at sifting information and grasping the “big picture” better than other people. Clayton Kershaw Authentic Jersey Both of these studies demonstrate perceived advantages from something that is labeled as a disability or abnormality. Buty Adidas Damskie adidas italia It may be that while abilities in one area are diminished, abilities in another area are enhanced. Adidas Zx 800 Heren David Epstein in his book, The Sports Gene, says that most of the people we celebrate as great athletes and examples of human achievement, have attributes that fall outside of the norm. One of his many examples is that of elite-level basketball players.

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  • Most people have an arm span that is the same as their height, but most professional basketball players have a longer arm span than height, which would serve as an advantage on the court. NIKE AIR ZOOM STRUCTURE 20

    Longer arm span is not necessarily considered a disability, although in some cases, it can be and indicator of Marfan syndrome. This is just one of many examples in Epstein’s book where an “abnormality” leads to an athletic advantage. One article on the OCD Foundation’s website on Tourette’s syndrome points out that metaphors are everything, and a child who is told his Tourette’s is like driving a Ferrari while everyone else is driving a Toyota will grow up thinking quite differently about himself and his abilities than a child who believes he is limited due to a disability. asics gel lyte 3 mujer azules Additionally, several of the entrepreneurs with dyslexia said that they had supportive parents and mentors who helped them see their abilities rather than their disabilities.